The oldest of the lot is a slightly strange-looking disc with a raised edge at the outer rim and a rather non-shellac feel to it. It's also heavier than other 78s I've previously encountered.
|Spot the odd one out.|
The disc was produced by Zonophone Records in 1911 and is a double-sided reissue of two single-sided records originally released in 1905 and 1906, hence "The Twin" label. At this time the recordings would have been made acoustically (i.e. into a horn), since electrical recording wasn't developed until the 1920s.
|The Minster Singers - My Old Kentucky Home b/w De Ring Tailed Coon (1911)|
Performed by a British quartet named The Minster Singers , Side 1 is a version of My Old Kentucky Home; an anti-slavery ballad written in the mid-1800s by American songwriter Stephen Foster. Whereas My Old Kentucky Home is a song sympathetic to the abolitionist cause and has evolved into an important part of American culture, Side 2, De Ring Tailed Coon, is a different kettle of fish.
From around 1880 to 1920 the in US, and to a lesser extent the UK, there was a craze for what were known as "Coon songs". Yikes. These songs incorporated elements of ragtime and combined them with 'comedic' lyrics portraying very cartoonish stereotypes of African American people, often depicting them as lustful, lazy, dishonest and stupid with vices such as gambling and alcohol. In the UK, white "coon imitators" would perform them at music halls, and when I say there was a craze, I mean that the songs were enormously popular with the public at large, with sheet music selling in the millions in the English-speaking world, and the language and imagery filtering into art, film, commerce and even nursery rhymes, before eventually (and thankfully) falling out of favour. De Ring Tailed Coon is from the repertoire of Yorkshireman Alfred Scott-Gatty, who when he wasn't busy being an officer of arms spent his time as an amateur composer. He wrote a couple of dozen of these "Plantation Songs" as he called them, and they were to become his most popular works.
Both sides of the Minster Singers record are sung in a terrible accent meant to imitate that of enslaved African Americans, although to my ears sound more like dodgy attempts at a Scots accent. Here's a Youtube video I found of Side 2 playing on a gramophone. I'd like to think it was actually just a song about a racoon, but.... well, listen for yourself.
No less interesting but much more enjoyable to listen to are a pair of singles by Dinah Shore and Buddy Clark.
|Dinah Shore and Buddy Clarke - Let's Do It b/w 'S Wonderful (1948)|
|Dinah Shore and Buddy Clark - My One And Only Highland Fling b/w|
Baby It's Cold Outside (1949)
Her long career on the small screen included a 1970s daytime show that amongst the usual light entertainment and lifestyle guest stars also numbered the likes of Iggy Pop and David Bowie.
Here's slightly fuzzy clip of them both on her couch:
Born in Dorchester, Massachusetts in 1912, Buddy Clark rose to fame as a popular singer, beginning like most stars of his era on the radio before moving on to a career shifting shellac. His biggest hit came in 1946 with Linda, a song written by Jack Lawrence at the request of showbiz lawyer Jack Eastman for his six year-old daughter, future Beatle-botherer and veggie sausage saleswoman.
The first disc I bought by this wholesome duo is a perky Let's Do It (Let's Fall In Love) from the pen of Cole Porter, backed by a breezy rendition of the Gershwin standard 'S Wonderful. The other is My One And Only Highland Fling, originally from the 1949 movie The Barkleys of Broadway. Dinah and Buddy's version features a ropey Scots lilt from both, but not as toe-curlingly bad as those of Fred and Ginger in the film. The flip is a charming rendition of Baby It's Cold Outside complete with sound effects of a chilly wind and slamming door.
The same year as this latter single was released, Clark was killed in a plane crash. He was just 37. During his very last radio broadcast he'd performed a comic rendition of Baby Face with the Andrews Sisters, entertaining them and the studio audience with his impersonation of Al Jolson. Funnily enough, among this particular clutch of 78s bought last August were discs featuring both.
He was born Asa Yoelson in 1886 in a small Jewish village in Lithuania, and after his mother died young he and his family emigrated to the USA where Al became a megastar of stage and screen. In addition to his musical legacy he did tremendous work during WWII with the USO (of which he was a founder member), and despite his conservative leanings was a key player in the fight against racial discrimination via the promotion of black playwrights and actors on Broadway and in Hollywood.
The record of his I picked up features songs from the follow-up to his 1927 film The Jazz Singer; The Singing Fool.
|Al Jolson - Sonny Boy b/w There's A Rainbow 'Round My Shoulder (1928)|
Sonny Boy is a song of cloying sentimentality, which obviously had great appeal, since it sold a million copies and remained at the top of the US charts for twelve weeks. My favourite use of the song is in the "Tuppy and the Terrier" episode of the Jeeves and Wooster TV series, where it's used to excruciating effect.
Here's the more chirpy flip side There's a Rainbow 'Round My Shoulder:
Like Jolson, The Andrews Sisters were of recent immigrant stock, their Greek father Anglicising the family name of Andreas upon his arrival in the USA. The close harmony trio of LaVerne, Patty and Maxine sold countless millions of records in their time, and became forces sweethearts of WWII during which they entertained Allied forces on three continents with the USO.
The sisters recorded a total of 47 songs with Bing Crosby, including the pair on this car boot 78:
|Bing Crosby and The Andrews Sisters - Have I Told You Lately That I Love You?|
b/w Quicksilver (1949)
Have I Told You Lately That I Love You? (not the Van Morrison single) was released in late 1949 and charted in January 1950, peaking at no. 24. It was written by country artist Scotty Wiseman and later covered by the likes of Elvis, Eddie Cochran and Ringo Starr among dozens of others. Its b-side Quicksilver is a lighthearted number about a fickle lover, and fared better, climbing to no. 6. Doris Day also released a version the same year.
Here are Bing and the gals to see us out:
I hope you've enjoyed this peep into the past. To keep up with my car boot and chazza finds in real time you can follow me on Twitter by clicking the button at the top of the page. If you'd like to hear me giving some of them a spin go to the Car Boot Vinyl Diaries page on Mixcloud.